Table 2

Study outcomes

Delayed implementation (control)
(N=142)
Immediate implementation (intervention)
(N=174)
P value
Primary outcome
 Completion of upper and lower endoscopy at 120 days, n (%)5 (3.5)7 (4.0)1.0
Secondary outcomes
 Any endoscopy completed or scheduled at 120 days, n (%)10 (7.0)15 (8.6)0.68
 Gastroenterology consultation completed at 120 days, n (%)9 (6.3)12 (6.9)1.0
 Gastroenterology or any endoscopy referral provided or completed at 120 days, n (%)*25 (17.6)39 (22.4)0.29
Additional outcomes
 Colonoscopy completed or scheduled at 120 days, n (%)5 (3.5)8 (4.6)0.78
 Colonoscopy ordered at 120 days, n (%)6 (4.2)18 (10.3)0.054
 Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy completed or scheduled at 120 days, n (%)6 (4.2)8 (4.6)1.0
 Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy ordered at 120 days, n (%)7 (4.9)14 (8.1)0.36
  • *Specifically, this outcome is indicated by the presence in the EHR of a completed office visit or telehealth visit with a physician, physician assistant or advance practice nurse in the within gastroenterology or the presence of a signed order for a gastroenterology referral or an endoscopy referral.

  • EHR, electronic health record.