Table 1

Demographics and clinical risk characteristics

Control (n=127)Intervention (n=126)Total (n=253)
Demographics
Age
 Mean (SD)43.906 (12.358)43.944 (12.265)43.925 (12.287)
 Range23.000–71.00024.000–70.00023.000–71.000
Years worked in healthcare
 Median (Q1, Q3)15.000 (6.500, 27.000)15.000 (7.000, 27.750)15.000 (7.000, 27.000)
 Range0.000–48.0000.000–47.0000.000–48.000
Years in current position
 Median (Q1, Q3)3.000 (1.750, 7.000)3.250 (2.000, 8.000)3.000 (2.000, 7.000)
 Range0.000–38.0000.000–35.0000.000–38.000
Gender (%)
 Male/choose not to answer15 (11.8)24 (19.0)39 (15.4)
 Female112 (88.2)102 (81.0)214 (84.6)
Type of work (%)
 Outpatient primary care10 (7.9)9 (7.1)19 (7.5)
 Outpatient specialty care20 (15.7)17 (13.5)37 (14.6)
 Inpatient care52 (40.9)50 (39.7)102 (40.3)
 ED5 (3.9)13 (10.3)18 (7.1)
 Support services12 (9.4)11 (8.7)23 (9.1)
 Administration15 (11.8)15 (11.9)30 (11.9)
 Other13 (10.2)11 (8.7)24 (9.5)
Role at work (not mutually exclusive) (%)
 Nursing52 (40.9)49 (38.9)101 (39.9)
 Administration15 (11.8)15 (11.9)30 (11.9)
 Physician13 (10.2)13 (10.3)26 (10.3)
 Support services14 (11.0)11 (8.7)25 (9.9)
 APRN/PA11 (8.7)12 (9.5)23 (9.1)
 Pharmacy6 (4.7)8 (6.3)14 (5.5)
 Social services4 (3.1)4 (3.2)8 (3.2)
 Technician3 (2.4)3 (2.4)6 (2.4)
 Therapists4 (3.1)2 (1.6)6 (2.4)
 Rehabilitation1 (0.8)1 (0.8)2 (0.8)
 Other17 (13.4)15 (11.9)32 (12.6)
Clinical risk factors
Significant stressors (not mutually exclusive) (%)
 Work103 (81.1)98 (77.8)201 (79.4)
 COVID-19 challenges86 (67.7)80 (63.5)166 (65.6)
 Emotional66 (52.0)69 (54.8)135 (53.4)
 Family64 (50.4)63 (50.0)127 (50.2)
 Financial31 (24.4)28 (22.2)59 (23.3)
 Illness18 (14.2)26 (20.6)44 (17.4)
 Other9 (7.1)9 (7.1)18 (7.1)
WHO<50: poor well-being (%)
 WHO≥5064 (50.4)57 (45.2)121 (47.8)
 WHO<5063 (49.6)69 (54.8)132 (52.2)
WHO<29: risk of clinical depression (%)
 WHO≥29106 (83.5)99 (78.6)205 (81.0)
 WHO<2921 (16.5)27 (21.4)48 (19.0)
SSS-8: somatic symptoms (%)
 N-Miss81018
 <4, none to minimal15 (12.6)16 (13.8)31 (13.2)
 4 to <8, low27 (22.7)26 (22.4)53 (22.6)
 8 to <12, medium24 (20.2)25 (21.6)49 (20.9)
 12 to <16, high25 (21.0)22 (19.0)47 (20.0)
 ≥16, very high28 (23.5)27 (23.3)55 (23.4)
STSS-DSM-5: five categories (%)
 N-Miss212142
 <26, little to none10 (9.4)2 (1.9)12 (5.7)
 26–33, mild12 (11.3)13 (12.4)25 (11.8)
 34–41, moderate18 (17.0)26 (24.8)44 (20.9)
 42–45, high13 (12.3)19 (18.1)32 (15.2)
 ≥46, severe53 (50.0)45 (42.9)98 (46.4)
At risk for PTSD (from STSS-5 criteria) (%)
 N-Miss8816
 No82 (68.9)76 (64.4)158 (66.7)
 Yes37 (31.1)42 (35.6)79 (33.3)
  • APRN/PA, advanced practice registered nurse/physician assistant; DSM-5, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition; ED, emergency department; PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder; SSS-8, Somatic Symptom Scale-8; STSS, Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale.