Table 2

Implementation Climate Scale (ICS) results by site, both overall and for each subscale

SiteTotal ICS score (0–4)Focus on EBPsEducation support for EBPsRecognition for EBPsRewards for RBPsSelection for EBPsSelection for openness
12.19 (±0.52)3.16 (±0.73)2.53 (±0.84)2.80 (±0.75)0.32 (±0.55)2.07 (±1.04)2.32 (±0.81)
21.93 (±0.55)2.79 (±0.76)1.79 (±0.93)2.20 (±0.94)0.26 (±0.63)1.88 (±1.00)2.38 (±0.88)
31.85 (±0.62)2.86 (±0.70)2.11 (±0.88)2.33 (±0.83)0.33 (±0.67)1.54 (±0.92)2.11 (±0.86)
41.42 (±0.78)2.28 (±1.25)0.94 (±0.33)1.50 (±1.42)0.06 (±0.14)1.06 (±1.32)2.27 (±1.30)
5No responsesNANANANANANA
P value0.0050.01<0.001<0.0010.720.0550.69
  • Scores range from 1 to 4, with 4 being climate more conducive to implementation.

  • EBP, evidence-based practice; NA, not available.