Table 2

Characteristics of women involved in clinical incidents

Pregnancy-related factorsMinority ethnic groups (%)White British/European (%)Total (%)P value
Parity1.00*
 Nulliparous7 (50.0)11 (50.0)18 (50.0)
 Multiparous7 (50.0)11 (50.0)18 (50.0)
BMI (kg/m2)0.42†
 18.5–245 (35.7)6 (27.3)11 (30.6)
 25–296 (42.9)9 (40.9)15 (41.7)
 >303 (21.4)7 (31.8)10 (27.8)
Multiple pregnancy0 (0.0)1 (4.5)1 (2.8)1.00*
Previous pregnancy problem0 (0.0)3 (13.6)3 (8.3)0.27*
Pre-existing medical problem7 (50.0)15 (68.2)22 (61.1)0.31*
Obstetric problem in current pregnancy0.05†
 Yes7 (50.0)16 (72.7)23 (63.9)
 No4 (28.6)6 (27.3)10 (27.8)
 Missing3 (21.4)0 (0.0)3 (8.3)
Inadequate use of antenatal services<0.001†
 Yes5 (35.7)2 (9.1)7 (19.4)
 No9 (64.3)18 (81.8)27 (75.0)
 Missing0 (0.0)2 (9.1)2 (5.6)
Smoking<0.001†
 Yes0 (0.0)3 (13.6)3 (8.3)
 No14 (100.0)18 (81.8)32 (88.9)
 Missing0 (0.0)1 (4.5)1 (2.8)
Substance misuse0.87†
 Yes0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 No14 (100.0)21 (95.5)35 (97.2)
 Missing0 (0.0)1 (4.5)1 (2.8)
Sociodemographic factors0.006*
Age (years)
 <200 (0.0)1 (4.5)1 (2.8)
 21–3010 (71.4)9 (40.9)19 (52.8)
 31–403 (21.4)12 (54.5)15 (41.7)
 >401 (7.1)0 (0.00)1 (2.8)
Employment status0.007*
 Employed7 (50.0)16 (72.7)23 (63.9)
 Unemployed6 (42.9)3 (13.6)9 (25.00)
 Missing1 (7.1)3 (13.6)4 (11.1)
Religion<0.001*
 Christian1 (7.1)8 (36.4)9 (25.0)
 Muslim8 (57.1)0 (0.00)8 (22.2)
 No religion2 (14.3)10 (45.5)12 (3.3)
 Missing3 (21.4)4 (18.2)7 (19.4)
Refugee status0.39†
 Asylum seeker/refugee1 (7.1)0 (0.0)1 (2.8)
 Non-refugee13 (92.9)22 (100.0)35 (97.2)
Country of birth<0.001*
 UK6 (42.9)17 (77.3)23 (63.9)
 Non-UK8 (57.1)2 (9.1)10 (27.8)
 Missing0 (0.0)3 (13.6)3 (8.3)
 Required use of interpreter4 (28.6)0 (0.0)4 (11.1)0.02†
Domestic abuse<0.001*
 Yes0 (0.0)2 (9.1)2 (5.5)
 No12 (85.7)20 (90.9)32 (88.9)
 Missing2 (14.3)0 (0.0)2 (5.5)
IMD decile0.17*
 1–2 (least affluent)8 (57.1)9 (40.9)17 (47.2)
 3–44 (28.6)3 (13.6)7 (19.4)
 5–61 (7.1)4 (18.2)5 (13.9)
 7–80 (0.0)1 (4.6)1 (2.8)
 9–10 (most affluent)0 (0.0)4 (18.2)4 (11.1)
 Missing1 (7.1)1 (4.6)2 (5.5)
  • *P value calculated by Fisher’s exact test.

  • †P value calculated by χ2 test.

  • BMI, body mass index; IMD, Index of Multiple Deprivation.