Table 3

Comparison of the proportion of HCPs with a positive attitude (%) positive and mean scale statistics across specialties

AllSurgery small specialies*Orthopaedic surgeryGynaecology
obstetrics
SurgeryInternal medicine†NeurologyPaediatricsAnaesthesiologyDermatologyDiagnostic specialties‡PsychiatryDifference across the specialties
Physicians
Outcome: proportion of staff with a positive attitude (% positive)p-value
Teamwork climate71.670.068.179.241.769.176.769.869.481.373.078.6<0.001
Safety climate48.346.535.060.419.445.154.336.752.356.355.056.1<0.001
Job satisfaction75.877.068.892.155.673.583.670.576.678.177.776.9<0.001
Stress recognition65.062.056.960.466.767.569.068.363.078.167.364.30.23
Perceptions of management.47.548.438.156.425.043.758.627.349.446.952.658.5<0.001
Working conditions66.066.251.381.255.663.369.063.365.575.076.366.3<0.001
Outcome: the degree to which the participants perceive the culture as positive (mean scale statistics; (mean (±SD))p-value
Teamwork climate80.3 (17.9)79.7 (15.9)77.9 (20.5)85.3 (13.6)71.0 (17.7)78.9 (18.6)83.6 (16.1)77.9 (15.4)79.2 (18.3)80.5 (16.7)80.7 (21.1)84.0 (15.5)<0.001
Safety climate70.8 (19.9)69.9 (18.6)65.0 (23.2)76.0 (17.2)59.2 (17.7)68.7 (21.0)73.9 (19.2)65.7 (19.3)71.9 (19.4)74.6 (16.9)74.2 (20.5)75.3 (16.8)<0.001
Job satisfaction82.5 (19.4)83.0 (17.3)79.4 (23.4)90.9 (12.5)71.8 (19.7)80.9 (20.1)85.7 (16.9)79.5 (19.3)82.7 (19.6)82.6 (18.0)83.4 (20.2)83.9 (18.1)<0.001
Stress recognition76.4 (21.5)75.0 (21.7)73.1 (25.0)74.1 (20.8)77.0 (22.4)78.3 (21.5)79.4 (20.6)78.3 (21.2)74.0 (21.0)82.2 (22.2)75.8 (19.9)76.3 (21.2)0.049
Perceptions of management.68.7 (21.3)69.5 (18.8)63.1 (25.1)74.1 (16.8)59.7 (18.3)67.4 (22.2)73.5 (20.7)60.8 (19.2)68.0 (21.3)69.2 (16.7)69.2 (22.8)74.5 (18.9)<0.001
Working conditions76.1 (21.2)74.8 (21.3)70.4 (22.5)85.4 (16.5)71.7 (17.3)74.4 (21.7)78.8 (17.6)75.5 (19.9)74.9 (21.7)80.6 (22.2)81.5 (20.0)75.9 (22.3)<0.001
Nurses
Outcome: proportion of staff with a positive attitude (% positive)p-value
Teamwork climate70.375.468.074.867.873.760.671.064.480.583.968.6<0.001
Safety climate46.249.045.341.639.645.642.151.343.160.967.749.7<0.001
Job satisfaction76.080.271.181.771.376.971.474.773.985.183.975.1<0.001
Stress recognition62.560.462.365.161.363.764.170.559.960.958.160.20.032
Perceptions of management44.948.148.243.540.944.645.638.140.167.861.349.0<0.001
Working conditions68.875.464.664.665.771.065.665.273.772.480.661.5<0.001
Outcome: the degree to which the participants perceive the culture positive (mean scale statistics; (mean (±SD))p-value
Teamwork climate79.2 (16.7)80.1 (16.4)79.0 (16.3)82.1 (14.3)78.1 (16.7)80.2 (16.2)75.0 (18.1)79.5 (16.5)76.5 (17.4)82.7 (14.9)85.8 (13.6)79.3 (17.7)<0.001
Safety climate69.6 (19.3)71.6 (18.4)68.1 (19.8)68.1 (19.2)65.7 (19.9)69.6 (19.0)68.4 (17.5)72.3 (18.5)67.5 (20.1)77.1 (17.8)82.0 (13.4)71.2 (19.7)<0.001
Job satisfaction81.9 (18.5)83.5 (18.6)79.3 (20.6)85.0 (15.9)78.9 (21.9)82.4 (18.1)79.0 (20.7)81.7 (17.1)80.5 (18.9)86.0 (15.9)88.4 (14.5)82.2 (17.9)<0.001
Stress recognition74.3 (22.0)72.8 (23.2)74.0 (21.3)75.9 (19.8)74.7 (21.7)74.5 (21.7)75.2 (23.2)78.5 (20.0)72.9 (22.3)73.7 (20.5)70.4 (22.5)73.6 (22.9)0.004
Perceptions of management.66.6 (21.9)68.7 (20.7)67.3 (23.0)67.9 (20.3)63.0 (24.8)66.6 (21.7)67.1 (22.2)64.1 (21.6)63.3 (22.6)75.7 (18.7)75.7 (17.1)69.0 (21.5)<0.001
Working conditions76.7 (21.7)79.7 (20.3)74.4 (23.0)76.4 (21.6)74.4 (24.8)77.7 (21.7)74.3 (23.1)74.7 (21.0)78.3 (20.9)81.8 (21.8)83.7 (16.8)73.8 (21.9)<0.001
  • *Surgical specialties: Ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgery, ophthalmic surgery, vascular surgery, neurology, thoracic surgery, plastic surgery, breast and urology surgery.

  • †Internal medicine: cardiology, pulmonary, infectious diseases, haematology, nephrology, gastroenterology, geriatrics, oncology and endocrinology.

  • ‡Diagnostics: radiology, clinical biochemistry, clinical physiology, pathology, clinical microbiology, clinical immunology.