Table 2

Categorisation of 2022 NNAP audit measures by whether they primarily relate to structure, processes or outcomes of healthcare

StructureProcessOutcome
IntermediateFinal
  • Minimising inappropriate separation for term and late preterm babies.

  • Two-year follow-up.

  • Parental presence at consultant ward rounds.

  • Nurse staffing.

  • Birth in centre with NICU.

  • Antenatal steroids.

  • Antenatal magnesium sulfate.

  • Parental consultation within 24 hours of admission.

  • Breastmilk feeding at 48 hours.

  • Deferred cord clamping.

  • Type and duration of respiratory support.

  • Promoting normal temperature on admission.

  • Bloodstream infection.

  • On-time screening for ROP.

  • Breastmilk feeding at day 14.

  • Breastmilk feeding at discharge to home.

  • Neonatal preterm brain injury.

  • NEC.

  • BPD.

  • Mortality.

  • BPD, bronchopulmonary dysplasia; NEC, necrotising enterocolitis; NICU, neonatal intensive care unit; NNAP, National Neonatal Audit Programme; ROP, retinopathy of prematurity.