Table 1

Patient characteristics

Prebundle group
(n=85)
Bundle group
(n=88)
P value
Mean age (±SD)65±1363±120.40
Male49 (58%)55 (63%)0.42
Median ASA grade220.46
Mean BMI (±SD)29.4±6.628.7±6.70.49
Diabetes25 (29%)18 (21%)0.17
Smoker17 (20%)11 (13%)0.18
Preoperative radiotherapy28 (33%)18 (21%)0.06
Colorectal cancer65 (76%)74 (84%)0.21
Restorative procedures60 (71%)70 (80%)0.17
Laparoscopic procedures53 (63%)56 (64%)0.86
  • ASA, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification system; BMI, body mass index.