Table 2

Characteristics of the in situ simulations performed during the first and the second study period at the two hospitals

Hospital 1Hospital 2
First
period*
Second
period†
TotalFirst
period†
Second
period‡
Total
Number of simulations312354382361
Mean (min–max)§Mean (min–max)§
Staff participating (n)102923.6 (3–19)54962.5 (1–17)
Time spend/session (min)¶439**1060††50.3 (14–80)903137537.3 (24–78)
Technical learning objectives of the simulation (n)‡‡
Cardiac arrest888513
Intubation671310414
Triage6612
Anaphylaxis26844
Bleeding55
Respiratory insufficiency639
Early warning scores628
Managing the difficult airway1010
ABCDE approach§§11
Transportation33
Non-technical learning objectives of the simulation (n)‡‡
ISBAR¶¶101424141125
Closed loops13619111627
Communication10717549
Leadership671355
Resource management11
Re-evaluation66
  • *Simulations performed on 25 April–27 August 2017.

  • †Simulations performed on 28 August 2017–9 January 2018.

  • ‡Simulations performed on 10 January–8 May 2018.

  • §Mean time per session (minimum and maximum per session).

  • ¶Time spend includes briefing, scenario and debriefing.

  • **Time spend based on recordings from 10 simulation sessions.

  • ††Time spend based on recordings from 18 simulation sessions.

  • ‡‡Learning purpose of simulation missing at four simulation sessions (both technical and non-technical).

  • §§Assessment of Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Disability, Exposure.

  • ¶¶Structured communication: Identity, Situation, Background, Assessment, Recommendation.