Table 2

Development of the methods for prioritising recommendations

StudyDescription of the development of the methodDevelopment of method based on
Brandrud et al11The items included in the CPO scale were formulated based on four pillars: the three fundamental questions of the method for improvement (What are we trying to accomplish? How will we know if a change is an improvement? What changes can we make that will result in improvement?),23 improvement of literature, final reports of improvement collaboratives of the Norwegian Medical Association and the research team’s discussionsSystematic literature search and expert opinion
Coburn et al12An expert panel evaluated the results of a literature review, data analysis from recommended patient safety interventions from national organisations and telephone interview surveys, and began to identify and prioritise a list of rural-relevant patient safety areas and interventions, after which the panel developed the four criteria for evaluating the rural relevance of potential safety interventionsSystematic literature search, interviews and expert opinion
de Dianous and Fiévez13NRThe bowtie method
Flottorp et al14The developed checklist was based on desirable attributes selected from existing checklists identified by literature search. The selection of these attributes was built on previous criteria for ‘sensibility’ (the extent to which the criteria are sensible), discussion among collaborators and iterative revisionsSystematic literature search and expert opinion
Geller et al1524 behaviour change techniques were distilled from a review of behavioural science literature. The four categories that are hypothesised to have immediate impact on an intervention which are rated by this method are based on literature review and empirical studies of safety belt promotionSystematic literature search and expert opinion
Hettinger et al16Through qualitative analysis of a multi-institutional data set of 334 root cause analysis cases with 782 solutions, a team of safety science experts developed a preliminary model of sustainable and effective solution categories. This model was then modified through interviews of front-line staff regarding selected solutionsPractical experience and expert opinion
McLeod et al18NRBarrier management
Mira et al19NRNR
Rodriguez-Gonzalez et al20NRFailure Mode Effect and Criticality Analysis methodology
Testik et al21NRCause-and-effect diagrams
  • NR, not reported.