Table 2

Summary of study outcomes before and during MOST implementation periods

Outcome variablesBefore implement
During implement
P value*
Primary outcome
Documented orders for life-sustaining treatment: n (%)13 (33.3)216 (74.5)<0.01
Secondary outcome
(A) Discordance between patient preferences and prescribed orders: mean (SD)2.2 (1.6)0.85 (1.5)<0.01
(B) Patient-reported satisfaction with care ‘general’/‘decision-making’: mean (SD)4.2 (0.8)/3.9 (0.7)4.1 (0.7)/4.2 (0.4)0.42/0.0002
(C) Length of hospital stay: median (Q1, Q2)3 (2,15)4 (2,11)0.29
  • *P value for χ2 test, median test or t-test as appropriate.