Table 1

Baseline patient characteristics

Characteristic
No. (%)
With cardiology consultation % (n=79)Without cardiology consultation % (n=158)RR (95% CI)P value
Age (years)56.1056.020.9503
Gender
 Male43 (34)43 (68)1.00 (0.73 to 1.36)0.9999
 Female57 (45)57 (90)1.00 (0.79 to 1.26)
Hypertension69.6 (55)53.8 (85)1.29 (1.05 to 1.59)0.0195
Diabetes mellitus36.7 (29)25.9 (41)1.41 (0.96 to 2.09)0.0870
Coronary artery disease32.9 (26)11.4 (18)2.89 (1.69 to 4.94)<0.0001
Hyperlipidaemia34.2 (27)20.9 (33)1.63 (1.06 to 2.52)0.0265
Congestive heart failure6.3 (5)4.4 (7)1.43 (0.47 to 4.36)0.5297
History of smoking32.9 (26)28.5 (45)1.16 (0.77 to 1.72)0.4827
Atrial fibrillation5.1 (4)4.4 (7)1.14 (0.34 to 3.79)0.8272
Valvular disease5.1 (4)3.2 (5)1.60 (0.44 to 5.79)0.4860
Anticoagulation2.5 (2)0.6 (1)4.00 (0.37 to 43.45)0.2583
  • RR, relative risk.