Table 1

Age, sex and ASA score

Model 1Model 2Overall
Age (average)67.469.668.5
  • The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score is a subjective assessment of a patient’s overall health that is based on five classes (I–V).

  • I. Patient is a completely healthy fit patient.

  • II. Patient has mild systemic disease.

  • III. Patient has severe systemic disease that is not incapacitating.

  • IV. Patient has incapacitating disease that is a constant threat to life.

  • V. A moribund patient who is not expected to live 24 hours with or without surgery.

  • E. Emergency surgery, E is placed after the Roman numeral.