Table 2

Summary of Aston Team Performance Inventory (ATPI) scales

ElementDimensionItems, nComponent description
Team inputsTask design11Autonomy, task relevance, complete task, feedback, task interdependence
Team effort and skills8Team member motivation, appropriateness of skills, team potency
Organisational support11Information and communication, training for teamworking, climate for teamworking
Resources4Resources provided to the team
Team processesObjectives3Clarity of, commitment to and agreement about team objectives
Reflexivity4Reflection on performance
Participation7Decision-making processes, communication, regular meetings, trust, safety and support
Task focus6Concern with quality, service user focus, constructive debate about task performance and error management
Team conflict5Task-related and interpersonal conflict
Creativity and innovation3Practical support for new and improved products and services, and climate for creativity and innovation
Leadership processesLeading4Extent to which the team leader sets direction, acquires resources and supports innovation
Managing8Extent to which team leader guides teams towards effective processes, monitors performance, gives helpful feedback, encourages interteam working, and recognises and rewards performance
Coaching5Availability, concern for individual team members, encouragement and support, and encourages learning from error
Team outputsTeam member satisfaction6Team member satisfaction with recognition for contribution, responsibility, team member support, influence over decisions, team openness and how conflicts are resolved
Attachment3Feeling of attachment to team and its members
Team effectiveness3Managerial praise, goal achievement
Interteam relationships5Cooperation, and lack of conflict, with other teams
Team innovation4Development of new products, services and ways of working