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Using the Model for Improvement to implement the Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool in an adult intensive care unit
  1. Mairi Mascarenhas1,
  2. Michelle Beattie2,
  3. Michelle Roxburgh2,
  4. John MacKintosh3,
  5. Noreen Clarke1,
  6. Devjit Srivastava4
  1. 1Intensive Care Unit, Raigmore Hospital, Inverness, UK
  2. 2Department of Nursing, University of the Highlands and Islands, Inverness, UK
  3. 3Quality Improvement - Patient Safety, Raigmore Hospital, Inverness, UK, UK
  4. 4Department of Anaesthesia and Pain, Raigmore Hospital, Inverness, UK
  1. Correspondence to Ms Mairi Mascarenhas, Intensive Care Unit, Raigmore Hospital, NHS Highland; mairi.mascarenhas{at}nhs.net

Footnotes

  • Contributors MM: designed and conducted all stages of the project; drafted the manuscript. MB and MR: supervised the project and advised on methods. JM: provided data expertise and devised run charts. NC: conducted the telephone audit. DS: provided expertise and advice on the improvement methods.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval This work met criteria for operational service improvement work exempt from research ethical review

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors MM: designed and conducted all stages of the project; drafted the manuscript. MB and MR: supervised the project and advised on methods. JM: provided data expertise and devised run charts. NC: conducted the telephone audit. DS: provided expertise and advice on the improvement methods.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval This work met criteria for operational service improvement work exempt from research ethical review

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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